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Employers that design, manufacture, import, supply or dispose of machinery, equipment, substances, or work tools must ensure that: Labour inspectors have the following rights among others: In workplaces where unions exist, the most representative trade unions calls for joint committee elections; otherwise the company is responsible for the call for elections.
The employer, in consultation with workers and their representatives, must expose in writing the policy on safety and health at work, which must be developed in accordance with the following points: The workers, their representatives and committees members are protected against all acts of hostility or other coercive measures imposed by the employer that arise as a result of the performance of their duties in the field of safety and health at work.
However, it is not a requirement. The person who deliberately violate OSH provisions and being legally obliged to comply with them, and having been notified previously by the competent authority because of the lack of adoption of measures foreseen in the labour provisions and as a direct consequence to this nonobservance, have exposed the lives, health and physical integrity of their workers to an imminent risk shall be sanctioned with imprisonment from 1 to 4 years.
The law says that it would be advantageous to possess OSH knowledge or having worked in positions that allow the worker to receive information and knowledge regarding occupational risks.
The employer must define the qualifications required for each job and must take measures to ensure that every worker in the organization is able to carry out duties and obligations related to health and safety, and must establish training programs as part of the working day so as to achieve and maintain the required qualifications. In workplaces with less than twenty workers, an OSH supervisor shall be appointed.
The labour inspectorate is responsible for supervising the compliance with safety and health work, demanding administrative responsibilities as appropriate, guiding and providing technical advice, and applying the penalties provided by Law No. Labour inspectors can undertake inspection visits. In addition, there are several pieces of legislation regulating occupational safety and health in the mining sector and for dock workers.
Correspondencia Ley y OHSAS – PDF Free Download
The employer must ensure the establishment of lye OSH committee and its effective functioning. The law says “anyone” and there is not any provision explicitly excluding domestic workers from the definition of “worker”.
This break may be also taken as two breaks of 30 minutes each one. General Office of Internal Audit 3.
Employers must provide a medical examination to workers every two years to be paid by the employer. Undertakings with more than twenty workers must have a committee of safety and health at work, which is formed of equal number of representatives of the employer and the worker and whose functions are defined in the regulations. The employer must take the necessary measures to meet those requirements before workers use the machinery, equipment, substances, or working tools.
Inspectors have the power to initiate an infringement procedure by applying sanctions. The law does not foresee the obligation of employers to provide rest and eating areas. To fulfil lsy objectives, the National Health Institute has the following organizational structure: The person who involuntary causes the death of another person will be punished with a maximum imprisonment of 2 years or by servicing tho the community from 52 to working days.
Home workers fall under the scope of the definition of worker provided by the Law. A copy of the meeting minutes is delivered to all OSH committee members and to the highest body of management of the employer. Registers relating to occupational diseases shall be conserved for 20 years. In case of default, the main company is jointly liable for any damages and claims that may arise.
The employer delegates the functions pey the necessary authority to the persons in charge of the development, implementation and results of the OSH Management System who are accountable for their actions to the employer or competent authority, without prejudice to the prevention duty of the employer and, 92783 applicable, compensation obligation.
Pérou – 2015
Teenagers cannot be employed for hazardous jobs which can effect their physical or mental development. OSH representatives may issue appropriate recommendations in order to improve working conditions and environment, ensuring that measures are taken and monitoring their efficiency. The Regulation establishes the mandatory registers for the employer. The resources of the National Institute of Health are the following:.
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They can also ask professionals, experts in health and safety at work, for advice. The employer establishes the measures and instructions to ensure that, in case of an imminent danger that involves a significant risk to the safety and health of workers, they can stop work, and even, if necessary, set leave the workplace.
Micro, small and medium enterprises and undertakings not realizing high risk activities shall have simplified registers.