Bifid mandibular canal is a rare anatomical variation that can be of considerable interest to a dentist. This condition can lead to complications when performing. Bifid mandibular canal could be an interesting variation in the mandible. This condition can pose complications during surgical procedures in the mandible, such. Bifid mandibular canals (BMCs) are variations of the normal anatomy, with a reported prevalence ranging from to 65%. Aberrations of the mandibular canal.

Author: Nern Magar
Country: Algeria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 15 February 2013
Pages: 40
PDF File Size: 9.27 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.63 Mb
ISBN: 622-4-44654-537-7
Downloads: 80694
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vogami

Bifid mandibular canal: Report of 2 cases and review of literature

Bifid mandibular canal in Japanese. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. On the other hand, on panoramic images, some anatomical structures may mimic BMCs such as the groove of the mylohyoid nerve located on the deep internal surface of the mandible ramus, 811 or some intra-bony dense trabecular formations. To manage this anatomic variation, dentists should choose appropriate images and local anesthesia technique.

The apices of 38 and 48 were superimposed on the left and right image of the MC and a BMC was suspected at the left side. A report of three cases. Bilateral bifid mandibular canal.

Conclusions Although considered a rare anatomical variation, BMC may be found in each patient and must be assessed adequately. Identification of double mandibular canals: Two canals from two distinct origins, and then joining to form a single, large MC.

  IEC 60664-3 PDF

Bifid mandibular canal: Report of 2 cases and review of literature

The best diagnostic imaging modality is CBCT that has considerable benefits, such as low dose, appropriate cost, and well visual quality. Loizeaux A, Devos B. Bofid J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; J Am Dent Assoc. A higher incidence was reported by Durst and Snow [8. Variations in the normal anatomy of the inferior dental mandibular canal: One of the normal interesting variations that we may encounter in the mandible is bifid mandibular canal.

Variations in the normal anatomy of the inferior dental mandibular canal: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc.

Occasionally these branches are large enough that they have a secondary mandibular canal. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; When we reviewed the literature regarding BMC, we encountered only a cqnal case reports that had two mental foramens. Bifid mandibular canal – local anesthetic challenges to a dentist: None, Conflict of Interest: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

Identification of mandibular canals: Technological improvement of imaging techniques has provided alternatives for complete and precise evaluations.

Grover PS, Lorton L. Therefore diagnosis of this variation is sometimes very important and necessary. Claeys V, Wackens G.


Anatomical variations in developing mandibular nerve canal: J Am Dent Assoc ; An anatomic study and relationship to local anesthesia of the anterior mandibular teeth. Case report and review of literature. How should dental approaches be considered to efficient anesthesia?

In the right side, the mandibular canal ended to two mandibular foramens and only one mental foramen. The clinical relevance of this issue is to remind clinicians of the variable anatomy of the mandibular canal. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Int J Odontostomatol ;4: Recently, there were two reports of bifid mandibular canals 6 cases in all being diagnosed with the use of volumetric imaging multislice helical computed tomography [CT] and cone-beam CT.

According to many authors, the BMC type extending to the third molar region is the most frequent.

Indian J Dent Caanal ; Mandibular canal branches supplying the mandibular third molar observed on cone beam computed tomographic images: When should bifid canal be suspected? Desantis L, Liebow C.

Published online Oct Four common mandibular nerve anomalies that lead to local anesthesia failures. J Am Dent Assoc ;